11th August, 2022 The Hindu Extra

White Paper: (in the UK) a government report giving information or proposals on an issue.

The Hong Kong national security law, officially the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), is a piece of national security legislation concerning Hong Kong. It was passed on 30 June 2020 by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress as a means of suppressing the anti-extradition bill protests instigated by a bill proposed in 2019 to enable extradition to the mainland, and came into force the same day.

Among others, the national security law established four particular crimes of secession, subversion, terrorism, and collusion with foreign organisations; any open speech, verbal promotion or intention of Hong Kong’s secession from China is considered a crime as well. The implementation of the law entitles authorities to surveil, detain, and search persons suspected under its provisions and to require publishers, hosting services, and internet service providers to block, remove, or restrict content which the authorities determine to be in violation thereof. The law established an office outside of Hong Kong jurisdiction to administer enforcement of the law.

To “plead the Fifth” means you have the right not to answer police questions both while in custody or in court. The right against self-incrimination is spelled out in the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and also extends to state and local jurisdictions.

Definition of precursor: one that precedes and indicates the approach of another.

Truce: an agreement between enemies or opponents to stop fighting or arguing for a certain time.

What is Cross Subsidization?

Cross subsidization is defined as the variation in the price policy for 2 sets of buyers or it can be stated as When a marketer charges higher prices to a group of consumers in order to subsidise lower prices for another group, it is referred to as cross-subsidisation.

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