13th August, 2022 The Hindu Explanation

Valour: great courage in the face of danger, especially in battle

The Essential Commodities Act is an act of the Parliament of India that was established to ensure the delivery of certain commodities or products, the supply of which, if obstructed due to hoarding or black marketing, would affect the normal life of the people

Sulli Deals’ is an app that first surfaced in July, 2021, on content sharing platform GitHub. In the app, ‘auctions’ were staged for prominent Muslim women, described using the derogatory term ‘sulli’, using manipulated photographs of these women along with derogatory descriptions.

In the Union Budget for 2022-2023, the Finance Minister has proposed the development and manufacture of 400 new Vande Bharat trains in the next three years.

  • The 400 trains carry a potential investment of Rs 50,000 crore while the current Vande Bharats are being made at Rs 106 crore per train set of 16 cars, at 2018 pricing.
  • It comes in addition to the current plan — to be able to run 75 Vande Bharats across India by Independence Day in 2023.

What are Vande Bharat Trains?

  • It is an indigenously designed and manufactured semi high speed, self-propelled train that is touted as the next major leap for the Indian Railways in terms of speed and passenger convenience since the introduction of Rajdhani trains.
  • The first Vande Bharat was manufactured by the Integral Coach Factory (ICF), Chennai
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